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Causes of Overactive Bladder

There are various reasons for conjuring the disease. They can be induced by the following reasons:

  • A weak nervous system
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Multiple pregnancy in women, the inherent structure of their urinary tract
  • Prostrate gland surgery in men
  • The age factor
  • Obesity

How the state of an Overactive Bladder comes in to effect:

The complex interplay of nerves, muscles lining the inner surface of the bladder regulates urinary activities. Any sort of disruption in the intricately complex process leads to an overactive bladder and consequently urinary incontinence.

The kidney filters liquid waste and produces urine that drains into the bladder. The function of the bladder is to empty the content through an opening into a tube named urethra which releases the liquid waste outside the body.

As the bladder eventually fills up, the sensory message is transported to the brain which in the process sends back impulses which urge you to urinate. Now the muscles of the bladder contract pushing out the urine to the urethra. The muscles lining the urethra and the sphincter muscles relax and the urine is released out of the human system.

In case of an overactive bladder, there is no control over the contraction and relaxation of the concerned muscles. This involuntary contraction and relaxation results into untimely urge to urinate and the disease gradually unfolds various problems.

Other chronic health disorders leading to Overactive bladders

  • Neurological problems. Disorder of brain or nerves, even any internal injury affecting the central nervous system.
  • Side-effects of medication, especially when drugs contain an unnatural amount of caffeine or other water drugs.
  • Tumors or abnormalities in the bladder. Bladder cancer could be a reason.
  • Urinary tract infection
  • Recent delivery or multiple pregnancy (in women)
  • Prostate gland cancer or surgery leads to Overactive bladders.
  • Obesity can be a reason too. Increased weight imposes extra pressure on the bladder causing one to urinate more frequently.
  • Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s Disease and other such diseases triggered by the distorted functioning of the Central Nervous System contributes in the contraction of overactive bladders.
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