Female Incontinence Symptoms and Treatment

What is Urinary Incontinence?
Urinary incontinence, also known as enuresis, is basically any sort of involuntary discharge of urine. Some women may urinate in minute amounts while running, coughing or even during conjugal activity leading to huge emotional distress and social embarrassment.

The urinary bladder collects and stores the body waste and urine water removed by the kidney. This balloon like organ or the bladder is connected to Urethra or the tube through which urine is ejected out of the body. During urination, the muscles lining the inner walls of the bladder contract purging the urine out of the bladder into the urethra. Simultaneously, the muscles surrounding the Urethra also called the Sphincter muscles relax, allowing the urine to flow out of the body. Incontinence is seen to ensue when the bladder muscles suddenly contract or the Sphincter muscles are not strong enough to restrain the urine your body is about to discharge.

Why is it more profound in women?
Women above forty experience this disease twice more often than men. There are too many reasons for this. The structure of their urinary tract, pregnancy, childbirth, menopause contribute to its occurrence at maximum degree in women. A survey confirms that almost 35% of the female population above the age of sixty are known to be incontinent. Obesity which is again common in women leads to greater abdominal pressure consequently catalyzing higher chances of urinary incontinence in women.

Symptoms of urinary incontinence –

  • High urinary frequency- When the frequency crosses the normal limit, the patient urinates more than eight or nine times a day and thrice or four times at night.
  • Extreme urinary urgency- The strong yet unpredictable urge to urinate. It might occur right after one has urinated in large amount.
  • Uncontrollable urge- When certain amount of urine just gushes out and the patient has no control over it.
  • Nocturia – The necessity to urinate repeatedly at night causing the patient to stay awake.

Treatments and therapies –

  1. Behavioral remedies are majorly prescribed for this disease. A good many number of exercises are also suggested by the physician which helps a great deal. Most common among them are Kegel exercise. Several bladder exercises and Pelvic Floor Therapy are also among the common options.
  2. Medication for an over-active bladder- Doctors may prescribe few medicines which relax the hyper nervous activity relaxing the signals causing frequent urination.
  3. Surgery – Medical and natural treatments are best. If the condition is chronic enough to refute treatments, the patient might have to undergo a surgery.