Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms, Diagnosis & Treatment

What is Multiple Sclerosis: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the proper functioning of brain and the central nervous system. It is one of the most common diseases of the nervous system affecting people in the US. The most shocking of the facts related to this disease is around 400, 000 people in the USA are affected by the disease, while, around 2, 844 deaths due to the disease have been registered so far.

Multiple Sclerosis Causes: Myelin sheath, a fatty substance, present in brain and the central nervous system creates a protective cover around the nerve fiber and transmits nerve impulse to the entire body. “Sclerosis” is the procedure of ‘scar’ tissues, being built in the brain and spinal cord. ‘Scar’ tissues start getting built around the nerve tissues, replacing the insulating myelin sheath. This procedure, which is also known as ‘demyelination’ disrupts the transmission of nerve impulse in the human body.

Without myelin, an important element that helps in transmission of electric signals through nerve tissues, the process of sending and receiving messages by brain gets stopped. As a result, the symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis start appearing in the affected human body. The word ‘Multiple’ signifies the occurrence of demyelination in a number of parts of the central nervous system. ‘Sclerosis’ denotes hard patches formed over the damaged myelin by scar tissues.

Early Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis: Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis are highly unpredictable and can vary widely from person to person. The most evident symptoms of this potentially debilitating disease include, weakness, extreme fatigue, tingling, and lack of coordination among different body organs, mood sway, impaired sensation, cognitive impairment, vision problems and bladder problems. A patient suffering from the disease might or might not experience all the symptoms listed here.

Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis: It is a quite difficult task to diagnose Multiple Sclerosis as the symptoms of this disease can also appear in the body of a patient with different other medical conditions. There is no very specific test to detect Multiple Sclerosis in a patient. Doctors need to depend widely on radiological studies, laboratory studies and clinical symptoms for detecting this. For this process, the doctors usually rely on patient’s medical history, Neurological Tests, Lumbar Puncture or Spinal Tap, Magnetic Resonance Imaging or (MRI) and Evoked Potential Test.

Multiple Sclerosis Treatment & Medication for Multiple Sclerosis: Researchers have not yet been able to find out the root cause of Multiple Sclerosis. But, researches in areas related to the treatments of this disease have progressed in a large degree. The modern treatment procedures are aimed at preventing exacerbations of Multiple Sclerosis. Researches are still on, to find out new medicines that can protect the myelin layer of nerve tissues from further damage and help in the regeneration of myelin cells after an attack. The aim of these drugs will be to attack the inflammatory cells, which are responsible for the development of MS lesions.