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Diagnosis and Treatment of Overactive Bladder

How to diagnose Urinary Incontinence?

  • Measurement of the rate of urine flow- the speed and volume of urine content every time the patient urinates.
  • Test of bladder pressure- With the aid of a catheter, the capacity and strength of bladder muscles are measured and thereby the treatment is implemented.
  • Measuring the urine left in bladder- the bladder might not have the power to empty the entire urine content leading to similar symptoms of overactive bladder. So after urination the amount of residual urine in the bladder is measured.

Overactive Bladder Treatments and therapies

  1. Behavioral treatments- Healthy lifestyle is the crucial requirement. Avoiding caffeine rich drinks is healthy. Also fluid consumption should be moderate. Excess of fluid intake exerts unrequited pressure on the bladder.
  2. Pelvic Floor Muscle Exercises- The muscles associated with urinary functions, those lining the overactive bladders require tightening and proper functioning. The therapist advocates Kegel Exercises which help a great deal.
  3. Bladder Training- The gradual increment in the interlude between two consecutive voiding. The therapist may start with smaller duration gradually increasing the count.

Medication
Certain medicines work like magic on Overactive bladders.

  • Tolterodine
  • Oxbutynin
  • Trospium
  • Solifenacin
  • Darifenacin
  • Mirebegron

Some of these drugs might bring out a few undesirable side-effects like dry mouth, dry eyes, constipation, fatigue but they are pretty effective in curing if it suits your biological mechanism and takes you far from surgery.

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